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Ten steps to prepare for adult life

The transition process for all young people with additional needs.

Step 1: Thinking about the future (from age 5) 

It’s never too soon to start thinking about what you might want and need once you become an adult, and the skills and support you will need to get there. Start having conversations about this as soon as possible and find out what support and services might be available. 

Download My Transition Passport (pdf) to record hopes and dreams

Download a Relationship Map (pdf) to identify who is important to you

Find services - search our Norfolk Community Directory

Step 2: Make a PfAL plan (age 13 - 14)

Think about your main goals and wishes and the outcomes you’d like in education and employment, independent living, good healthbeing part of your community, friends and relationships. If you have an Education, Health and Care plan (EHCP) these should be recorded at your Year 9 review. You may have a worker from the Preparing for Adult Life (PfAL) team. If you do, they’ll also help you.

Step 3: Who is doing what (age 14 - 15)

Now that you know what needs to happen and where you’re headed, make sure that everyone knows what they need to do to help you achieve your goals. This plan may include tasks for you, your family or carers, and professionals that work with you, such as your teachers at school, or a social worker if you have one.

Step 4: Make referrals (age 14 - 16) 

Make sure that organisations such as schools, further education, training providers, social care teams, or health departments know who you are and that you might need some support. Your school, EHCP co-ordinator or Preparing for Adult Life (PfAL) worker, can help you with this. Regular reviews should check that progress is being made.

Step 5: Get together and review (age 15 - 17)

Everyone who is supporting you should meet regularly with you and your family to ensure that your plan is making progress towards the identified outcomes and that nothing has changed. This is to ensure that everything is on track to be in place for when you need it. Things like college places, independent travel skills, understanding about money, funding and benefits, and how any health needs or provision might change as you get older. 

Step 6: Understanding your needs (age 15 - 17) 

Formal assessments take place at the time of ‘significant benefit’ to understand what needs you will have as an adult, and how adult services in health, education, social care and others can support you to meet these. A plan will be made to ensure there are no gaps in the help you receive.

What happens at an assessment

What is a care and support plan?

Step 7: Moving On (age 16 - 19) 

This is when you will move on to different services and providers – college, work placements, social care teams, health services or different accommodation. By now you will know what to expect and so these changes should be as smooth as possible for you.

Find out more about life post 16

Step 8: Meeting complex needs (age 18 - 25)

If you qualify for specialist support because of a health or social care need, you will have a personal budget or personal health budget that details the adult support you will get. This will have been assessed and set up for you before you were 18, as part of Step 6: Understanding your needs.

Personal budgets and direct payments

Personal health budget

Step 9: Accessing universal services (age 18 - 25) 

Remember that there are lots of mainstream, universal or voluntary organisations that can provide you with help and support if you don’t qualify for specialist services. Your college or training provider can help connect you with these, or visit the Norfolk Community Directory for more information.

Step 10: Reviews (age 18 - 25)

All education, health and social care plans must be regularly reviewed to ensure that these continue to meet your needs and your adult outcomes. 

Reviewing care needs

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