Children and young people who have special educational needs (SEN) do not necessarily have a disability. Some disabled children and young people do not have special educational needs. There is a lot of overlap between the two groups though.
(Read the legislation Children and Families Act 2014. Chapter 6, Part 3 (20-21))
A child or young person has a disability if they have a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial or long-term effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. Research suggests that about six to seven percent of children are disabled.
Children and young people with the most complex needs will require specialist services. They will require support with their health, education or physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development, due to disabilities.
There is support available for children and young people who have disabilities which do not affect their ability to learn.
No. Children do not have SEN just because the language used at home is different from the language used at school.
The English Language Support Service works with local schools to support pupils who are new to English and those who are more advanced bilingual learners. They also work with refugees and asylum seekers. Please note, parents cannot access this service directly and it is not available in all schools. Ask your child’s school for more information.
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