Increased cycling and walking can provide multiple benefits such as improving air quality, reducing congestion, addressing inequalities, improving physical and mental health, and mitigating climate change.
A Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plan (LCWIP) identifies and prioritises improvements which can be made to the cycling and walking network. These improvements encourage people to choose active travel as they make cycling and walking more attractive, safe and convenient.
LCWIPs are strongly encouraged by the Department for Transport and meet the ambitions of the Government's Gear Change vision.
LCWIPs also support applications for active travel funding as they provide evidence that demonstrates why improvement schemes are beneficial and required. Some funding providers are beginning to prioritise schemes which are supported by a cycling and walking infrastructure plan over those which are not.
Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plans in Norfolk
We were recently awarded funding to develop cycling and walking plans across the county. Plans for Greater Norwich, King's Lynn and Great Yarmouth are already complete. Work on a countywide plan has begun and we expect to complete it in the summer of 2023.
Cycling and walking plans are primarily funded by the Department for Transport who award funding specifically for active travel schemes and the development of the cycling and walking plans. Examples of these funding sources include the Active Travel Fund and the Capability Fund, both of which have provided funding to develop cycling and walking plans in Norfolk.
Prioritisation and timescales
We prioritise schemes identified in cycling and walking plans by assessing their effectiveness, policy alignment, cost and deliverability. Public consultation and engagement with the public, delivery partners and local organisations also form a key element of scheme prioritisation.
We will deliver priority schemes over the short, medium and long term and will put them forward for funding opportunities as and when they arise. We're already beginning to put some schemes forward for funding and final consultation.
Local Cycling and Walking Infrastructure Plan design standards
The Department for Transport's Cycle Infrastructure Design’ guidelines (LTN 1/20) help local authorities to deliver improvements to the active travel network. The guidelines represent the essential requirements for enabling more people to travel by cycle or on foot, based on best practice both internationally and across the UK. The design principles are centred around creating coherent, direct, safe, comfortable and attractive active travel networks.
Other schemes to encourage cycling and walking
Alongside the cycling and walking network plans, we're developing a variety of active travel network support schemes which help and encourage people to use the active travel network. Examples include cycle parking facilities, cycle, e-bike and e-scooter hire schemes, wayfinding signs, journey planning mobile applications, cycle training and walking and cycling incentives.