If you go to work as a PA for someone, you may either be employed or self-employed. There’s a difference between the two in terms of your rights.
You’re employed if you work for someone under an employment contract.
Employees have extra employment rights which include:
Statutory Sick Pay
Statutory Redundancy Pay
Time off for emergencies
The right to request flexible working
Statutory maternity, paternity, adoption and shared parental leave and pay
Minimum notice periods if their employment will be ending: for example, if an employer is dismissing them
Protection against unfair dismissal
Some of these rights will only apply to you after a certain length of continuous employment with your employer. Your contract may state how long this period is.
You’re self-employed if you run your business for yourself, taking responsibility for its success or failure. Self-employed workers aren’t paid through PAYE and you don’t have the same rights as employees.
However, you still have protection for health and safety and, in some cases, protection against discrimination. You'll also have rights and responsibilities set out in the terms of the contract you have with your client.
The GOV.UK website has more information about workers’ rights and employment statuses.