If you are thinking of using fireworks, you should follow these safety steps:
- Only buy fireworks marked BS 7114
- Only buy from a reputable retailer, not from car boot sales, markets or the side of the road
- Make sure that any selection boxes are sealed when you buy them
- Check all fireworks are not damaged or damp
- Don't drink alcohol if setting off fireworks
- Keep fireworks in a closed box
- Follow the instructions on each firework carefully
- Light them at arm's length using a suitable taper
- Stand well back
- Never go back to a lit firework, it may go off in your face
- Never put fireworks in your pocket
- Never throw fireworks
- Always supervise children around fireworks
- Light sparklers one at a time and wear gloves
- Never give sparklers to children under five
- Keep pets indoors
For more about firework safety visit the RoSPA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents) website.
Safety with sparklers
- Store sparklers and other fireworks in a closed box in a cool, dry place
- Always light sparklers one at a time and wear gloves
- Never hold a baby or child if you have a sparkler in your hand
- Plunge finished sparklers hot end down into a bucket of water
Children and sparklers
- Never give sparklers to the under fives
- Always supervise children using sparklers
- Give children gloves to wear when holding sparklers
- Avoid dressing children in loose or flowing clothes – they may catch light
- Show children how to hold sparklers – away from their body at arm’s length
- Teach children not to wave sparklers near anyone else or run while holding them
In an emergency
- Cool the burn with cold water for at least 10 minutes
- Cut around material sticking to skin – don’t pull it off
- Don’t touch the burn or burst any blisters
- Cover the burn with clean, non-fluffy material – cling film is ideal – to prevent infection
- If clothing catches fire, get the person to stop, drop to the floor and roll them in heavy material like a curtain
Keep sparklers in safe hands
When you plan your bonfire:
- Site well away from houses, garages, sheds, wooden fences, overhead cables, trees and shrubs, at least 18 metres (60 feet)
- Always site your bonfire away from fireworks
- Build the stack so that it is stable and will not collapse, and on a solid surface if possible, such as concrete or compacted bare earth
- Only burn dry material
- Never burn dangerous rubbish such as aerosols, batteries, foam-filled furniture, tyres or anything containing plastic or paint
- Never use flammable liquids – paraffin or petrol – to light the fire
- Avoid lighting a fire in unsuitable weather conditions – smoke hangs in the air on damp still days
- If it is too windy, smoke will blow into neighbours' gardens and windows, and across roads
- Keep a bucket of water, the garden hose or a fire extinguisher ready
- Never leave a fire unattended or leave it to smoulder – pour water on the embers
- If the bonfire gets out of control, call the Fire and Rescue Service (999) immediately
Here is some straightforward guidance to help you have an enjoyable firework display.
- Set up a committee. One person should be in charge of safety arrangements
- Make sure you have adequate insurance to cover personal injury and damage
- Give details of the event to the Fire and Rescue Service
- Choose a clear, well-mown space not less than 18 metres (60 feet) from buildings, trees, wooden fences, overhead cables, car parking areas or other firework display. Where there is less space, such as in a pub garden, the organiser should consult the fire authority.
- Allow at least 50m x 20m for your firing area and a dropping zone for spent fireworks of 100m x 25m back on the opposite side of the dropping zone
- The site needs a suitable entrance for emergency vehicles
- All entrances should be well lit and wide enough for spectators
- You should also cater for disabled spectators
- Water fire extinguisher
- A hose (if mains water supply is available)
- Buckets of water or sand
- Fire beaters
- Fire blanket
The usual ratio is one steward to every 250 people present, but more stewards may be needed to cover each entrance and exit. They may need special training, such as using the fire-fighting equipment. They should also do the following:
- Stewards should be over 18 years of age
- Fluorescent jackets make them easily identified
- They should know who is in charge of the event and have a means of contacting them, such as a two-way radio
- They should be aware of the telephones
- They remain until the event is over and ensure that the site is safe
- Committee members and stewards should all have torches, so check that you have plenty of batteries
- Use prearranged coded signals, audible throughout the site, to warn the stewards when an emergency has developed
Do not allow spectators to bring their own fireworks, even sparklers. Have signs explaining this at the entrances.
Letting off fireworks
Involve as few people as possible. If possible use people with experience of letting off fireworks.
How to keep your pets safe
- Always keep dogs and cats inside when fireworks are being let off
- Close all windows and doors and block off cat flaps
- Ensure dogs are wearing some form of ID
- Prepare a den for your pet where it can feel safe and comfortable
- Let your pet pace around, whine, miaow and hide if it wants to
- Try not to cuddle and comfort pets as they will think you are worried too
- Avoid leaving pets alone during whilst fireworks are being let off
- Don’t tie your dog up outside while fireworks are being let off
- Never take your dog to a firework display.
Fireworks have been associated with celebrations and the marking of special events in many cultures, faiths and countries for hundreds of years.
While historically the Fifth of November was a time for fireworks and bonfires in the UK they are now used to celebrate a wider range of events throughout the year.
Diwali - the Hindu festival of lights, which extends over five days, is the most popular of all the festivals from South Asia. It is celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. Fireworks are an integral part of the celebrations. Diwali starts on 7 November in 2018.
Eid is a time for great celebration by Muslims worldwide and fireworks are part of the celebrations - usually on the first day of Eid which fell on 31 August in 2017.
In Chinese cultures fireworks are used to celebrate the New Year, weddings, births and religious festivals. Chinese New Year next falls on 16 February 2018.